Graduation thesis: how to write it (without problems)

The abstract of the degree thesis can be defined as a brief and accurate summary of the content of a document, generally without additional interpretation or critical notes. So the abstract of the degree thesis is nothing more than a brief summary of the complete work you have done.


There is no right way to construct an abstract, however for its structuring it is possible to keep in mind at least the following elements, which must always be present formally – even if not necessarily in the order indicated – so that we can speak of a ‘abstract’:

Clear indication of the topic and references to the sources / methodologies used

Presentation of the structure and structure of the work

Summary of the content and any conclusions / results achieved (ie, thesis presentation)

When drafting the abstract, always avoid recourse to the singular first person. Although we can use the first person plural, remember that the impersonal form is the most appropriate one

To facilitate you, remember that you faced a similar path in the introduction (in which you justified the choice of the problem to be studied and the way you did it) and in the conclusions (in which you have exposed, in a critical key, the main results to which you have come).


The important thing that you need to consider is that the cut to give to the abstract of the thesis will be different from the one you gave to the introduction. Your aim is not to intrigue the reader in continuing to read the thesis but to give a clear and honest photograph of what you will find to read later.

A practical tip for writing your abstract is to put yourself in the shoes of those who are doing a bibliographic search: in a few lines you will try to understand the content of the scientific research in front of you … after all it is what you have already done to write your degree thesis.

Be concise and go straight to the essential points and to the particular characteristics of your work, without dwelling on describing the theoretical context that will be explored later.

It is generally advisable to follow faithfully the language used in the document to which the abstract refers and to remove abbreviations and abbreviations the first time they are used within the abstract.

Without prejudice to the terminological accuracy of the special languages, a language register commensurate with the potential user should be adopted. The recommended writing style is characterized by brevity, clarity and conciseness. The introductory or passing formulas are reduced to a minimum.


The length of the abstract may vary and may be expressly indicated to you by those who requested it. If not specified, an abstract with a length of 250 words is sufficient for most articles and monographs. For notes or short notices you should not exceed 100 words, while for longer documents (reports, thesis) you can get to 500. To count words, select the part of text you want to examine by scrolling over the text taking pressed the left mouse button; then, in the “Tools” menu, click on the “Word Count” option.

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